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23 Aug 2017


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Top 5 Programming Languages for Embedded Systems   – BHARATHI KP ISM UNIV      

ISM UNIV – Which are the most preferred programming languages or the top programming languages for embedded systems to learn across the globe? How do we judge it and what should be the criteria?

Embedded system programming are playing important roles in our lives every day, even though they might not necessarily be visible. Embedded system programming are rapidly growing industry where growth opportunities are numerous.

Embedded programming languages
In many ways, programming an embedded system is not too dissimilar to coding for a desktop computer, but there are some key differences:

  1. On an embedded system, resources — memory and CPU power — are limited. By comparison, with desktop systems, it is commonly assumed that they have no limits.
  2. Embedded systems are commonly real-time.
  3. The number of operating systems in use on desktop computers is quite small. There are numerous options for embedded systems, including “bare metal” (i.e., no operating system at all).


Programming Language Index” is created by analyzing how often programming languages tutorials are searched on Google” in terms of popularity on search engines, worldwide.

embedded system programming








RANKING of Programming Languages used in Embedded Systems

embedded system programming




C was designed earlier on an attempt to develop a high-level language called B that had the benefits of assembly. Though never designed or intended for embedded use, C remains the most widely used embedded programming language, with compilers available for almost every microprocessor, microcontroller, and processor core on the market.

C has been around a long time and virtually anything ever made which can be called a computer includes a C compiler.  Even most ‘better’ programming languages are built on and using C. It is also the oldest language which can generally be considered cross-platform.  Although it requires being recompiled on the target platform, most C source runs exactly the same on any platform. C has low-level accessibility.  Once again due to its age, C includes native support for inline Assembler for even greater optimization.  No other language extant (except, of course, C++) offers the full spectrum from high-level abstraction to low-level control.


embedded system programming




C++ is used because it offers a good mechanism for using pointers. We could create portable applications in this language. I believe C/C++ is easy for learn, that’s why students like to create applications using this programming language. The others language (JavaScript, Java, and Python) could be used to develop web applications. C++ can be used in two ways: It can simply be regarded as “a better C language” on the basis of a number of facilities and constructs that benefit programmers, or it can be used as a true object oriented language.

The latter approach can be very useful for embedded applications, since it enables the encapsulation of specialist code, such as device access.


embedded programming




Python is general purpose programming language that emphasizes code readability and increasing developer productivity, used for desktop apps, web apps and data mining.

Professionally, Python is great for backend web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and scientific computing. Many developers have also used Python to build productivity tools, games, and desktop apps, so there are plenty of resources to help you learn how to do those as well.

Python has been widely used in embedded applications and has many more potential uses where its unique style is beneficial. The implementation is readily portable, so the language can be used just about anywhere. Not so long ago, the developers of the low-cost, single-board Raspberry Pi computer selected Python as its primary programming language.


embedded system programming 


Java is the most common programming language as on the day. Used for Android development and most of the financial systems around the world. Java is prominently preferred for its speed and performance. Rated best programming language to learn for years, it’s always good to keep your skills updated.

More recently, Java has been used in ways more attuned to its original concept of facilitating the incorporation of post-deployment applications (“apps”) into embedded devices. This is common practice with the Android operating system.

Java has conventionally been implemented using an interpreter. A Java compiler converts the source code into “bytecodes,” which are a very compact representation of the logic. The interpreter — the Java virtual machine — reads and executes the bytecodes. Modern Java implementations may also offer conventional compilation or just-in-time (JIT) compilation as alternatives.


embedded system programming





JavaScript is scripting language for the worldwide web. As the web take over our universe, so is the use of JavaScript which is predominantly used for a web application. A good front-end tool, which could be used in all environment. From adding effects to creating basic functionality games, JavaScript is industry favourite and top popular programming language to learn.

In the embedded systems context, JavaScript is particularly interesting for cross-platform application development and the definition of user interfaces.

When it comes to the job category, the industry has been looking for Java developers, followed by JavaScript. While Java and JavaScript could possibly remain industry favorites with web-based services, Google’s GO has been “up and coming” for a few years and will be a great language to learn.

ISM UNIV offers short term courses on Python , C, C++, Java & Javascript


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