Career and Prospects in Embedded Systems Explained by ISM UNIV
An embedded system is all about the perfect combination of hardware and software whether it is in fixed operability mode or in programmable mode. It is an approach to design and enable performance for a specific function. Generally, this is a kind of function developed in embedded format in the present day devices to enable controllability, performance enhancement and to create easy operation of the device. Some of the best examples on this context can be seen as remote operated sunroofs, car’s anti-lock brakes, automatic transmission system, GPS and many more.
It is imperative here to understand and aware major characteristics of this embedded system. These systems in general vary a lot ways based on the purpose. The integral characteristics of this system are:
- Single Key Functioning: This embedded system’s main characteristic is its ability run repeatedly on a single program, which is totally unlike the any of software for example Microsoft Excel, Word and some more.
- Ability to Interact Directly: The embedded system is always capable to communicate directly with the real environment of our world using sensors and the UI (user Interface). It will enable user the ability to control directly at the same time letting the user to modify its attributes based on the requirement too.
- Tight Boundaries: This embedded system is always restricted with the resources like consumption of the power, interface usage and memory while it requires connecting with other system or systems.
- “Reactive” Principles in Embedded System: It is very common to develop embedded systems using effective reactive principles in it because these designed & developed to work for a specific or dedicated function. This kind of approach will enable simulation for its operation using external action.
- Reliability: These embedded systems are totally reliable because these are designed to integrate in a machine to work constantly for many years and at certain times these will recover on own, when it requires too.
Required Skills for Embedded Systems Professionals:
- It is essential to have good programming skills, knowledge on real time OS, knowledge of OOP (Object Oriented Program), knowledge of SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) and knowledge over network architecture and protocols like TCP/IP, Ethernet.
- Debugging skills are another requirement here with knowledge on compiler, loader, linker and assembler. Also, it is good to have idea on source level debugger, JTAG debugger and in circuit emulators too. It is additional benefit to have idea on coverage testers, memory testers and execution tracers too.
- Electronics skills are another requirement to take up embedded systems training, but detailed knowledge is not necessary. It is enough to have basic knowledge over electronic concepts, microprocessors, serial ports, and memory addressing.
- It is good to have problem solving skills to excel well in this field. The excellence in this field will always be there, when you have skills to address well real world problems efficiently.
Worldwide many companies are looking for the well trained embedded systems professionals. Last year business projections by NASSCOM on this field was $90 billion globally and $16 billion alone in India. Some of the best fields those are looking for these professionals are IOT (Internet Of Things), Robotics, Automobile industry and many more. Some Indian companies regularly recruiting these professionals are Philips, Samsung, Intel, Qualcomm, L&T, HCL, Honeywell, Robert Bosch and some more.